They invented a way of financing these endeavors without taxes – the Amsterdam Stock Exchange.
People could buys shares in the Dutch East India Company whose ships sailed to Indonesia or Japan. It was the first modern stock market.
And in case the ships sank, the Dutch invented “insurance” companies.
The Dutch started a Dutch West India Company which sent Henry Hudson to find a water route west across America to the Pacific.
Though unsuccessful, Hudson claimed the land along the “Hudson” River, and founded the New Netherlands Colony, receiving its charter JUNE 3, 1621.
The Dutch began a New Amsterdam Stock Exchange which met along a street near the wall of their settlement.
In 1624, the Chamber of Amsterdam wrote articles for the Dutch Colony, establishing the Dutch Reformed denomination:
“They shall within their territory practice no other form of divine worship than that of the Reformed religion…
and thus by their Christian life and conduct seek to draw the Indians and other blind people to the knowledge of God and His word, without, however, persecuting any on account of his faith, but leaving each one the use of his conscience.”
The New Amsterdam Charter of Freedoms, June 7, 1629, gave land to wealthy “Patroons” who helped 50 families emigrate, stating:
“Colonists shall…in the speediest manner…find out ways and means whereby they may support a Minister and Schoolmaster, that thus the service of God and zeal for religion may not grow cool.”
One Dutch family that immigrated was the Roosevelt family, as Franklin D. Roosevelt told the Detroit Jewish Chronicle, March 7, 1935:
“All I know about the origin of the Roosevelt family in this country is that all branches bearing the name are apparently descended from Claes Martenssen Van Roosevelt, who came from Holland sometime before 1648.”
Beginning in 1639, Lutheran Germans, Swedes and Finns, as well as Anglicans from England, began immigrating, numbering 500 of the colony?’s 3,500 population in 1655.
Presbyterians erected their first meeting house on Eastern Long Island in 1640, and the first Jews arrived in the colony in 1654.
In 1664, the British took control and changed the colony’s name to New York.
The New Amsterdam Stock Exchange then became the New York Stock Exchange, referred to as Wall Street.
Though British established the Anglican Church, French Protestant Huguenots began arriving in 1680.
The New York Charter of Liberties and Privileges, (paragraph 27), passed October 30, 1683, stated:
“That no person or persons which profess faith in God by Jesus Christ shall at any time be any ways molested…But that…every such person…fully enjoy his or their…consciences in matters of religion…not using this Liberty to Licentiousness…
The respective Christian Churches now in practice within the City of New York….shall…enjoy…freedoms of their Religion in Divine Worship and Church discipline.”
The first Methodist meeting in the American Colonies was in New York City in 1766.
In 1781, was the first mention of a public Catholic worship service in New York.
In 1811, the New York Supreme Court’s Chief Justice, Chancellor Kent, stated in the case of Peoples v Ruggles:
“Christianity was parcel of the law…that whatever strikes at the root of Christianity tends manifestly to the dissolution of civil government…
The people of this State, in common with the people of this country, profess the general doctrines of Christianity…
We are a Christian people, and the morality of the country is deeply engrafted upon Christianity, and not upon the doctrines or worship of those impostors.”
In 1838, the New York State Legislature wrote:
“No people on the face of the globe are without a prevailing national religion….
With us it is wisely ordered that no one religion shall be established by law, but that all persons shall be left free in their choice and in their mode of worship.
Still, this is a Christian nation. Ninety-nine hundredths, if not a larger proportion, of our whole population, believe in the general doctrines of the Christian religion.
Our Government depends for its being on the virtue of the people, – on that virtue that has its foundation in the morality of the Christian religion.”
New York’s State Constitution, 1846, 1894, and 1938, stated in its Preamble:
“We, the People of the State of New York, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure its blessings, do establish this Constitution.”
U.S. Senate Chaplain Barry C. Black was elected in 2003.
Posted on the official U.S. Senate website is:
“Chaplain’s Office – Throughout the years, the United States Senate has honored the historic separation of Church and State, but not the separation of God and State.
The first Senate, meeting in New York City on APRIL 25, 1789, elected the Right Reverend Samuel Provost, the Episcopal Bishop of New York, as its first Chaplain.
During the past two hundred and seven years, all sessions of the Senate have been opened with prayer, strongly affirming the Senate’s faith in God as Sovereign Lord of our Nation.”
This was a continuation of the practice of the Continental Congress during the Revolution, as Ben Franklin remarked in 1787:
“In the beginning of the Contest with Great Britain, when we were sensible of danger, we had daily prayer in this room for Divine protection.”
The first Senate Chaplain was Bishop Samuel Provoost, who conducted George Washington’s Inaugural Service at New York’s St. Paul’s Chapel.
Bishop Samuel Provoost preached the first Episcopal ordination sermon in St. George’s Chapel, New York City, July 15, 1787:
“We are occupied in the…most important business that can possibly engage the human mind…that…in the Hands of God, we shall be made the happy instruments of turning many from Darkness to Light, and from the Power of Satan to the Knowledge and Love of the Truth…
Lay no other foundation than that which is already laid…upon the Doctrine of Jesus Christ, and him crucified…
Let us all unite our most strenuous endeavors, that the Gospel of Jesus Christ may run and be glorified, till the earth be filled with the Knowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea.”
From 1789-2013, the 62 Senate Chaplains have been Christian:
Seventh-day Adventist 1.
Occasionally members of other faiths have been invited to offer prayers.
The U.S. Senate Chaplain after World War II was Peter Marshall, who prayed:
“Our liberty is under God and can be found nowhere else. May our faith be not merely stamped upon our coins, but expressed in our lives.”
Peter Marshall’s son, Peter Marshall, Jr., together with David Manuel, wrote the best-selling book, The Light and the Glory, which traced the Hand of Providence in the founding of America.
On February 7, 1984, President Reagan addressed the National Association of Secondary School Principals:
“God…should never have been expelled from America’s schools.
As we struggle to teach our children…we dare not forget that our civilization was built by men and women who placed their faith in a loving God.
If Congress can begin each day with a moment of prayer…so then can our sons and daughters.”
American Minute is a registered trademark. Permission is granted to forward. reprint or duplicate with acknowledgement to vwww.AmericanMinute.com
When Noah Webster wrote this public letter to the dissenting members of the Convention of Pennsylvania, published in the Daily Advertiser of New York on the 31 of December, 1787, he could not foresee a time when land owners in the United States of America would be even more restricted in many ways that what they faced at the time in Europe. With the EPA and many other government agencies, we have gone far beyond the restrictions that they faced then. Now we have to have the government approve what we build, what we till and plant, how much dust we are allowed to stir up, and even how we use any water on our property. They can declare it a wetland and fine you or forbid you from using it even if it has no water on it and is surrounded by a subdivision. I wonder what he would say today?
I wonder at his thought at the Constitution that he helped to establish would be perverted in the ways that it has been to become instead of an acclamation of our freedom and rights to a tool being used to limit us from those freedoms and rights? I wonder what he would say to those currently trying to limit our rights to bear arms?
“America” [Noah Webster]
To the DISSENTING MEMBERS of the late Convention Of Pennsylvania.
But to complete the list of unalienable rights, you would insert a clause in your declaration, that every body shall, in good weather, hunt on his own land, and catch fish in rivers that are public property. Here, Gentlemen, you must have exerted the whole force of your genius! Not even the all-important subject of legislating for a worldcan restrain my laughter at this clause! As a supplement to that article of your bill of rights, I would suggest the following restriction:—“That Congress shall never restrain any inhabitant of America from eating and drinking, at seasonable times, or prevent his lying on his left side, in a long winter’s night, or even on his back, when he is fatigued by lying on his right.”—This article is of just as much consequence as the 8th clause of your proposed bill of rights.
But to be more serious, Gentlemen, you must have had in idea the forest-laws in Europe, when you inserted that article; for no circumstance that ever took place in America, could have suggested the thought of a declaration in favor of hunting and fishing. Will you forever persist in error? Do you not reflect that the state of property in America, is directly the reverse of what it is in Europe? Do you not consider, that the forest-laws in Europe originated in feudal tyranny, of which not a trace is to be found in America? Do you not know that in this country almost every farmer is Lord of his own soil? That instead of suffering under the oppression of a Monarch and Nobles, a class of haughty masters, totally independent of the people, almost every man in America is a Lord himself—enjoying his property in fee? Where then the necessity of laws to secure hunting and fishing? You may just as well ask for a clause, giving licence for every man to till his own land, or milk his own cows. The Barons in Europe procured forest-laws to secure the right of hunting on their own land, from the intrusion of those who had no property in lands. But the distribution of land in America, not only supersedes the necessity of any laws upon this subject, but renders them absolutely trifling. The same laws which secure the property in land, secure to the owner the right of using it as he pleases. Read more at the Online Library of Liberty!
The Federal Convention, 17 September 1787
In the debate between Federalists and Anti-Federalists over the need for a bill of rights, Anti-Federalists generally believed that the absence of a written declaration was a major defect of the proposed Constitution. Without a bill of rights, they claimed, the government may become one of unlimited powers and trample on the rights and liberties of the people. Most Federalists argued that a written declaration of rights was unnecessary in theory and ineffectual in practice. In practical terms, Federalists claimed that the people’s rights and liberties are protected by the numerous constitutional safeguards that provide for mutual checks among the departments of government. Further, they insisted, the real security for the people’s rights is achieved by connecting the interests of the rulers with the interests of the people so that the rulers will have no motive to invade the rights of the people; or they argued that the true security for rights and the preservation of liberty can only be achieved by the ongoing perseverance of a freedom-loving people of sound sense and honest hearts. In theoretical terms, many Federalists claimed that the very idea of a constitution of enumerated and limited powers removes the need for a bill of rights. Elaborating on the notion of constitutionalism, they maintained that because the people delegate power to the government, and not vice versa, all powers that are not delegated are necessarily reserved to them as men or as citizens. The enumeration of the rights of the people carries with it the potential for abuse, for in the future it may be presumed that only those rights listed belong to the people. And it would be sheer folly, they said, to attempt to enumerate all the rights of mankind Online Library of Liberty
I will be taking a break until after Christmas but may post occasionally. Will try to read some of your blogs but surely hope that you all have a blessed Christmas!
A week after Congress approved the First Amendment, President George Washington issued the first National Thanksgiving Proclamation, 1789: “Whereas both Houses of Congress have by their joint Committee requested me ‘to recommend to the People of the United States a day of public thanksgiving and prayer to be observed by acknowledging with grateful hearts the many signal favors of Almighty God, especially by affording them an opportunity peaceably to establish a form of government for their safety and happiness;’” Washington continued: “Now, therefore, I do recommend…Thursday, the 26TH DAY of NOVEMBER…to be devoted by the People of these United States to the service of that great and glorious Being, who is the beneficent Author of all the good that was, that is, or that will be;” Washington concluded: “That we may then all unite in rendering unto Him our sincere and humble thanks…for the peaceable and rational manner in which we have been enabled to establish constitutions of government… particularly the national one now lately instituted, for the civil and religious liberty with which we are blessed…to promote the knowledge and practice of true religion and virtue.”
Thursday, October 13, 2011
|Margaret Thatcher was born OCTOBER 13, 1925. She was the first woman Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. While traveling through New York City in 1996, Margaret Thatcher had an interview with Joseph A. Cannon, which was printed in Human Events. She stated: “The Decalogue-Ten Commandments-are addressed to each and every person. This is the origin of our common humanity and of the sanctity of the individual. Each one has a duty to try to carry out those commandments. You don’t get that in any other political creed…It is personal liberty with personal responsibility.” Margaret Thatcher continued: “Responsibility to your parents, to your children, to your God. This really binds us together in a way that nothing else does. If you accept freedom, you’ve got to have principles about the responsibility. You can’t do this without a biblical foundation.” Margaret Thatcher concluded regarding America: “Your Founding Fathers came over with that. They came over with the doctrines of the New Testament as well as the Old. They looked after one another, not only as a matter of necessity, but as a matter of duty to their God. There is no other country in the world which started that way.”|
“So then, death is at work in us, but life is at work in you” (2 Cor 4:12).
On 9/11/01, New York City firefighter Stephen Siller had just completed his shift when he heard on his truck’s scanner that a plane had hit one of the World Trade Center towers. Siller quickly turned his truck around and attempted to drive back to Manhattan via the Brooklyn Battery Tunnel but found the entrance blocked by abandoned vehicles. Desperate to join his elite Squad One brothers, Siller donned 75 pounds of fire gear and ran a mile-and-a-half through the tunnel, before an emergency vehicle picked him up and dropped him off at Tower Two.
Siller had been orphaned at the age of 10 and raised by his much older brothers and sisters. Siller died that day trying to save others. He left behind a wife and five children.
His story proved so inspirational that it became a legend in the newsrooms and firehouses of New York City. His six siblings – who in many ways viewed Siller as a son, as well as a brother – found themselves grappling with a dilemma: should they allow the tragic circumstances of their brother’s death to paralyze and embitter them or use it as a catalyst to help others and preserve his memory?
The Siller family chose the latter.
Once they made that decision, and armed with no extraordinary wealth or political clout, the siblings combined forces to convince New York officials to close down the Brooklyn Battery Tunnel the last Sunday morning of each September and stage the “Tunnel to Towers Run” to commemorate their brother’s heroic last run.
Each year since 9/11 tens of thousands of runners have retraced the steps of a hero. As part of the event 343 New York City firefighters, each representing a fallen comrade and holding an American flag, stand throughout the length of the tunnel. They are joined by firefighters from across the United States, each holding a poster-size picture of a firefighter who perished on 9/11.
The Siller family has raised more than $1 million and donated the money to charities that benefit families of those affected by the 9/11 attacks.
This is a tribute to one heartbroken family who opted to channel its energy into triumph out of tragedy.
“Reprinted by permission from the author. Os Hillman is an international speaker and author of more than 10 books on workplace calling. To learn more, visithttp://www.MarketplaceLeaders.org“
My friends, we must never forget 9/11. Please read this wonderful post from Conservatives on Fire and take the time to watch the videos……….
Lest We Forget _ Spetmber 11, 2001
My 9/11 Lesson Plan is the title of a recent post by A Conservative Teacher. It is an excellent read and I highly recommend it. In his lesson, he uses the video In Memoriam – New York City, 9/11/01 (2002). I was able to find the In Memoriam series at You Tube and I present them here.
All six videos would take over 90 minutes to view. You may not have 90 minutes right now, I understand. I hope you can, at least, watch the first and the last.
Some might say that it is a bit sadistic to relive the terrible events of September 11, 2001. No, it is not sadistic. It is necessary. Over three thousand people lost their lives that day. Their only crime was that they were living out their own individual version of the American dream. A dream that far too many Americans have lost sight of and far too many that never grasped the dream in the first place.
The attacks of 9/11 were much more than attacks on the Twin Towers in New York, the Pentagon and a failed attempt to hit the White House. What occurred on 9/11 was nothing less than an attack on the idea of America. It is something we should all take personally. Reliving the events through these videos helps us to understand on a personal level.
As A Conservative Teacher explains in his article, the attacks are not something that occurred ten years ago and are now a part of history. We are still living the history of 9/11. The history that started that days is not over yet. America changed on 9/11/01. Laws changed to “improve” our security but at the price of some of our liberties. Our perception of the world we live in changed. Our attitude toward the followers of Islam changed. We are still fighting a war in Afghanistan and around the world ten years later. The history is still being written and continues to affect each and every one of us personally. Read the rest at Conservatives on Fire. Please take the time to watch all the videos at Jim’s site!
- An amazing tribute and a message(via Diary Of A Mad Conservative) (loopyloo305.wordpress.com)
An amazing tribute and a message
These came in my email and I’ve shared them with all on my list. Hope you do the same. They are both remarkable and touching..
Meet me in the Stairwell
You say you will never forget where you were when
you heard the news On September 11, 2001.
Neither will I.
I was on the 110th floor in a smoke filled room
with a man who called his wife to say ‘Good-Bye.’ I
held his fingers steady as he dialed. I gave him the
peace to say, ‘Honey, I am not going to make it, but it
is OK..I am ready to go.’
I was with his wife when he called as she fed
breakfast to their children. I held her up as she
tried to understand his words and as she realized
he wasn’t coming home that night.
I was in the stairwell of the 23rd floor when a
woman cried out to Me for help. ‘I have been
knocking on the door of your heart for 50 years!’ I said.
‘Of course I will show you the way home – only
believe in Me now.’
I was on all four of those planes, in every seat,
with every prayer. I was with the crew as they
were overtaken. I was in the very hearts of the
believers there, comforting and assuring them that their
faith has saved them.
I want you to know that I saw every face. I knew
every name – though not all know Me. Some met Me
for the first time on the 86th floor.
Some sought Me with their last breath.
Some couldn’t hear Me calling to them through the
smoke and flames; ‘Come to Me… this way… take
my hand.’ Some chose, for the final time, to ignore Me.
But, I was there.
I did not place you in the Tower that day. You
may not know why, but I do.. However, if you were
there in that explosive moment in time, would you have
reached for Me?
Sept. 11, 2001, was not the end of the journey
for you . But someday your journey will end. And I
will be there for you as well. Seek Me now while I may
be found. Then, at any moment, you know you are
‘ready to go.’
I will be in the stairwell of your final moments.
Diary of a Mad Conservative
- Remembering Robert E. Pattison Who Died on September 11th 2001 – A Tribute For His Family (thinkingofrob.com)
- Tribute and Memorial to the Search and Rescue Dogs of 9-11: Words and Images (allcreatureslargeandsmall.wordpress.com)
This is not a day that we should put behind us as some like E.J. Dionne suggest. This is a day that needs to be reviewed every year. A civilization that forgets where they come from and what made them both strong and weak, is a civilization that will simply cease to exist.
Thanks to Barb @ blogsense by Barb for reminding us all and bringing our attention so many times to those who serve in the military, like she herself has done as well as her daughter. Like the firemen and police officers and many other first responders, they are the ones that protect this country and the people in it. There are many stories that have not been told and and maybe never will be. But for some to put forth the idea that this is enough already is simply disgraceful.
If you have time please watch or listen to the whole thing. If you don’t have time now, bookmark it and save it for a time you do. Don’t forget that all though the masterminds of this attack may be gone, there are still plenty of others out there that would like to do the same or worse, and if we forget we are doomed to have the same or similar attack in the future. Either we learn and prevent or we will someday suffer the same fate again. It is our choice and I hope that we are intelligent enough to choose to remember!
- Remember . . . (hopeofglory.typepad.com)
Tempting possibility!!! The lefties could have half the east coast and all the west coast and everything between would go conservative. We could sell them food and other essential good, and they could sell us, oh, they probably couldn’t sell anything. If they followed the environmental policy that most of them want, they would probably have to import almost everything. Of course, in a few years the only people that could afford to live along the coast would be the very rich and whomever they hired to attend to their needs.
Middle America would again become a thriving republic and the East and West Coast would become a vast empty land that other countries would be looking at to take over. And since they do not want to have real security, they would probably lose out. I can see China from my back door, can’t you?
That is the real conundrum for the liberals. We could do very well without them, but they would find it impossible to survive without us. They need people who produce and thrive. Leeches have to have a living body to live themselves, when it dies, they die.
When did the people of America give up their right to decide what is taught to their children? There was a time in this country when the decisions were made on the local level. When did we decide that what was good for the students in New York City, was also good for Artesia, New Mexico? They don’t have the same opportunities for employment. Why would they need the same goals for education? It is not necessary that everyone attend a University. Many jobs do not require it and it is a tremendous cost for the family and the individual.
So when did we give the Federal Government the right to make the decisions for the local community. Doesn’t the local school board know more about the needs of the community than the Federal Government. Perhaps if we choose not to accept money with strings attached, we would be better off. Strings always wind up costing even more money and the cost to the community is continually rising. If we ever want the be the powerful country that we used to be, we need to cut the strings that tie us to the Federal Government and start looking at what is best for ourselves and for our community.
There was a time when we were one of the best educated countries in the world. Now we are falling far short of many other countries. We must change the way our children are educated if we really want this country to return to the position that we once held.
The education our children are receiving now, often has very little to do with education and often is more indoctrination into a way of thought and belief that we do not agree with.What is the good of a child learning to protest and agitate? If we wanted our children to be protesters, we could teach them that ourselves.
What we need are teachers that teach Math, History, how to spell and how to read. We want our children to learn Science and the Arts. We do not want them to learn hatred. Some schools are introducing regimen into the classroom that do teach hate. In some it is the hatred of police, in others the hatred of Christians or Jews. This is not education!!! This is indroctrination!!
This is an agenda that does not lift the children up and make them better. This is an agenda that teaches them to be bullies, to hate those that are not like them, it teaches them that their only value is to be someone who is a slave to society. This is not education!!! This is programming!!! Is it time that we brought education back to the local level and tell the Federal Government that it is time for them to take a hike? Are we willing to let our children fail, because we are failing them? Shall we just settle for the least, when we could be the best?
- Federal Government Grants Historic No Child Left Behind Waiver (quantumlearningblog.wordpress.com)
- The Weekend Claw 1-22-2010 (allmilitary.com)
- Ultra-modern UBE school projects in Rivers inspire other state governments (vanguardngr.com)
- NEA to UN: “Oral sex, masturbation, and orgasms need to be taught in education” (atlasshrugs2000.typepad.com)
- What is America? (anamericanpointofview.wordpress.com)